Coughroot (Trillium Erectum); also called birthroot, Indian shamrock, lamb’s quarters, Beth root, wake-Robin, Indian balm, ground lily, Jew’s – harp plant, milk ipecac, Pariswort, rattlesnake root, snakebite or nightshade. Coughroot is indigenous to the central and western US with the rhizomes, dried root and leaves being the medicinal parts of this perennial plant. The active agents have astringent and expectorant properties which can severely irritate any area to which it is being applied. Internally, it is used for pain relief as well as to treat long and heavy menstrual flow. Externally, it can be used for hemorrhoidal bleeding, hematomas, ulcers and varicose veins. No adverse effects are known when used in therapeutic doses; however, if used in higher dosages, it is said to cause nausea and to promote menstruation as well as inducing labor if used in high doses during pregnancy.
Cypress (Cupressus Sempervirens). The medicinal parts of the cypress tree are the branches, the oil and the ripened (shiny yellowish – gray) cones. It is indigenous to Turkey but is now cultivated throughout the Mediterranean region. Cypress is an expectorant that is used for head colds, coughs and bronchitis. When administered properly, there are no recorded health risks or side effects but kidney irritation is likely to occur when cypress is taken in high dosages.
Dragon’s Blood (Daemonorops Draco); sometimes known as Dracorubin, sanguis draconis and draconis resina. Daemonorops Draco comes from Malaysia and Indonesia and the medicinal part of this tree is the red resin that has been extracted from the fruit and powdered for use. This powder is used as a coloring agent because of its intense red color but it also has an astringent effect so it is used to treat digestive disorders and diarrhea.
Herb Robert (Geranium Robertianum); also referred to as Dragon’s Blood, Storkbill or Wild Crane’s-bill. Herb Robert is indigenous to Africa southwards as far as Uganda; Europe, China, Japan; and to the Atlantic North as well as temperate South America. The medicinal parts of this versatile plant are the whole fresh or dried plant as well as the fresh or dried aerial parts collected during the flowering season of May through October. Herb Robert is used internally to treat diarrhea, inflammatory conditions of the gallbladder and its ducts, inflammation of the kidney and bladder as well as calculosis and to treat poorly functioning and/or impaired liver and gallbladder. Externally, it is used as a mouthwash or gargle in the form of an infusion or decoction and the fresh washed leaves can be chewed to treat inflammation of the oral cavity.
Horehound (Ballota Nigra); is sometimes called Black Stinking Horehound because of its color and unpleasant smell of essential oil. The medicinal parts of the horehound are the flowers and the leaves harvested in July or August when they are turned into a liquid decoction. The plant is considered to be a weed in western, central and northern Europe. It is also grown all around America where it has been introduced for cultivation. Externally, black horehound is used to treat gout and internally, it is used as a mild sedative for nervous stomach, hysteria and hypochondria. It is also used as a spasmolytic for stomach cramps and complaints, for whooping cough and to increase bile flow; also it can be used for upset stomach, nausea and vomiting.
Jacob’s Ladder (Polemonium Coeruleum); also known as Charity and English Greek Valarian. Jacob’s Ladder is indigenous to central and northern Europe and the medicinal part is the aerial herb itself. The ground drug is used as an infusion for febrile and inflammatory conditions because of it astringent, diaphoretic and hemolytic effects. Do not mistake this for Convallaria Majalis; Lily of the Valley, which is also called Jacob’s Ladder. Convallaria Majalis is no longer used in homeopathy because of its toxicity.
Moonflower (Menyanthes Trifoliata); may be called Buck Bean, Bog Bean, Bog Myrtle, Brook Bean, Marsh Clover, Trefoil or Water Shamrock. The medicinal part of the Moonflower is the dried herb. The plant is indigenous to Europe, Asia and America and is known for its strong bitter taste. As a bitter, it promotes gastric secretions so it is used to treat peptic discomfort and loss of appetite. It is contraindicated in diarrhea, dysentery and colitis.
Pomegranate (Punica Granatum); is also called Grenadier. Although Pomegranate is widespread in the Mediterranean region, the Near East, South Africa, southern Asia, China, Australia, the US and South America; it probably originated in Asia. The medicinal parts are the flowers, stem, bark and rhizomes that are collected at the beginning of Autumn, peeled off and air-dried. Pomegranate is used to treat diarrhea and dysentery because of its astringent properties. The drug may also be used as a gargling rinse for sore throat and is used to treat intestinal worms do to the alkaloid content in the bark. Externally, it is used to treat hemorrhoids.
Thyme (Thymus Vulgaris) The medicinal parts of the plant are the fresh aerial part of the flowering plant, the oil extracted from the fresh flowering herb, the striped and dried leaves and the dried leaves alone. The plant; which is widely cultivated, is indigenous to the Mediterranean region and the neighboring countries, northern Africa and parts of Asia. Thyme is used internally to treat symptoms of bronchitis and whooping cough because of its expectorant and bronchial antispasmodic properties. Externally, it is used for catarrh of the upper respiratory tracts and as a skin irritating rub. Thyme is also antibacterial as well as having uses in deodorizing.
White Horehound (Marrubium Vulgare); sometimes referred to as Houndsbane or Marrubium. The medicinal parts of the White Horehound are the fresh aerial parts of the flowering plant, the dried flowering branches as well as the whole plant. The plant has been introduced to America, South Africa and Australia. It is becoming established in central Europe but it is indigenous from the Mediterranean region to central Asia. The drug is used for dyspepsia, loss of appetite, bloating and flatulence as well as cough and bronchitis.